PDF format




Compiled by:

Directorate for Environmental and Nature Protection
Environmental Assessment and Remediation Department
Remediation Co-ordination Center

24th March, 2005



Table of contents
  • Introduction
  • CHAPTER I. - Description of the National Environmental Remediation Program
    • The National Environmental Remediation Program
    • Connections of the OKKP with other programs
    • National Environmental Program
    • National Development Plan
    • OKKP- countrywide inventory
    • National Remediation Priority Lists
    • KÁRINFO GIS: managing the database of the countrywide inventory
    • Reporting adjusted to alterations in legislation
    • Development of the KÁRINFO GIS datasheets
    • The OKKP sub-programs
    • Legislative background...
    • Sub-programs of the OKKP
    • Operation of the sub-programs...
    • Elaboration of the sub-programs, results
    • Financing of the sub-programs

  • CHAPTER II. - Description of the sub-programs of the OKKP
    • Ministry of Interior (BM) Law Enforcement Sub-program
    • Ministry for Health, Family and Social Affairs (EszCsM) Public Health Institutions Sub- program
    • Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (FVM) Institution Sub-program
    • Ministry of Economy and Transport (GKM)
      • Solid Mineral Mining Sub-program
      • Recultivation program of the termination of Hungarian uranium ore mining
      • Closing of the former state-owned coal mines
      • Associations Sub-program
      • Assessment of Industrial Estates.
      • MÁV (Hungarian State Railways Co.) Sub-program
    • Ministry of Defence (HM) Home Defence Sub-program..
    • Ministry of Justice (IM) Penal institutions Sub-program
    • Ministry for Environment and Water (KvVM)
      • Water Management Sub-program
      • Nature Protection Sub-Program
      • Environmental Protection Sub-program
    • Ministry of National Cultural Heritage (NKÖM) Institution Sub-program
    • Ministry of Education (OM) Educational Institutions Sub-program
    • Ministry of Finance (PM)
      • ÁPV Rt. (Hungarian State Holding and Privatisation Co.) Association Sub-program
      • Former Soviet Properties Sub-program
      • Treasury Property Directorate Sub-program
    • Municipality Sub-program



The handling of nationally significant environmental pollutions started as a particular individual task at the beginning of the 1990s (f. e. environmental state assessment of soviet military sites and the cleaning of contaminated sites, the settling of environmental damage left behind after the privatisation of companies). The general definition of environmental damages summarising Hungarian and international experience appeared already in the act of environmental protection. The National Environmental Program and as a part of it the National Environmental Remediation Program (OKKP) dealing with the remediation of permanent environmental damages and contaminated sites left behind was elaborated based on the Act LIII of 1995 On the General rules of Environmental Protection.

Aims of the OKKP are to explore the contaminations left behind and accumulating in the geological medium (soil) and groundwater in the foregoing centuries, to gain information on the scale of threat, contamination and damage to groundwater and geological medium; to reduce the risk of contamination in endangered areas, as well as to facilitate the reduction or elimination of contamination in polluted areas. In the framework of the OKKP the survey of pollution sources and polluted sites, as well as their countrywide inventory – not depending on liability conditions – is carried out on the basis of which the National Remediation Priority List forming the foundation of individual remediation tasks is compiled and the sub-programs are prepared.

The elimination of environmental damages left behind and belonging to state responsibility is carried out in the framework of the sub-programs co-ordinated by the ministers in charge.

Along with the Countrywide Inventory and with the financial support of the OKKP the elaboration of the sub-programs, the assessment of the remedial tasks belonging to the responsibility of the ministries and the elaboration of the time and financing schedules started in 1997. These preparatory documents supported the decision-making processes of the ministries' remedial tasks.

Between 1997 and 2004 most of the ministries assessed the remedial tasks in the areas under their management and several of them could successfully start the implementation of individual remediation projects based on these assessments.

The aim of the current summary is to give a comprehensive overview on the results achieved by the ministries in the frame of the sub-programs between 1997 and 2004. The current summary was compiled with the help of the final reports elaborated on the basis of the agreements concluded with the different ministries.